But boxing isn't just a sport anymore.
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It's also a popular way to stay fit among older adults, through a version known as fitness boxing. There's no getting into a ring or taking any punches, so there's no risk of head trauma. Instead, fitness boxing has adapted the movements of the sport into exercise routines. Unlike traditional boxing that requires you to spar with a partner, fitness boxing for older adults involves throwing punches at the air or at a punching bag, usually in a class. There are two main types of these exercise classes.
In one, you follow a leader and do a series of boxing moves all choreographed to bouncy music, similar to an aerobics class.
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The moves include a combination of large, sweeping punches crosses, hooks, uppercuts ; smaller punches jabs ; squats ducks ; and short, quick steps forward and back. The other type of exercise class involves strength training, stretching, and hitting a punching bag. Don't have the strength to stand and do boxing moves? Both types of classes are available for people who wish to remain seated while punching at the air or at a punching bag.
Motor Coordination Correlates with Academic Achievement and Cognitive Function in Children
There's no proof that fitness boxing is superior to any other types of exercise, but it does have many health benefits. One is strength. And when you're in the boxer crouch with a wide stance, with your knees slightly bent, you're strengthening your core muscles, back, and legs," says Arslanian.
Stronger muscles make it easier to get up out of a chair or carry a bag of groceries. Fitness boxing is also a great aerobic exercise. Aerobic exercise gets your heart pumping and helps lower the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. It can strengthen bones and muscles, burn more calories, and lift mood. Aerobics can also boost your endurance, which helps you climb a flight of stairs or walk farther. Plus, aerobic exercise is associated with improvement in certain brain functions.
Arslanian says boxing in particular is well known for improving eye-hand coordination, especially if you're sparring on a bag, hitting padded targets, or just "shadow" boxing. The New Plantation pp Cite as. These dominant ideas, whether they are about race, gender, class, sexual orientation, and so on, shape the prevailing social order, or the collective consciousness, and ultimately set the course for group and individual behavioral patterns and social interaction. We can contend then that we are both products and consumers of our environment.
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We are products in that we represent and replicate the ideologies we ingest as consumers. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content.
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Fitness and condition
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Anton L. CrossRef Google Scholar. Ideology has remained an elusive term to define. There are dominant ideas, material practices, etc. Google Scholar. For information on White privilege and possessive investment in Whiteness, see the following sources: for white privilege see, e. For possessive investment in Whiteness see, e. Richard J.
Several scholars have examined the portrayal of Blacks in the mass media: see, e. Winthrop D. Norton, Google Scholar. Daniel J. The State of Louisiana case also Plessy v. Ferguson was a U. Supreme Court decision made on May 18, supporting racial segregation in public accommodations. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas in In this case, the U. Supreme Court ruled against this doctrine of separate but equal by pronouncing in their decision that separate was not equal as it relates to public school education between Black and White children.
Kozol case studies and statistical data provides detailed information on the inequalities in the distribution of resources between schools that are predominantly Black or Latino usually urban and schools that are predominantly White usually suburban. Miller and David K.
Wiggins, — New York: Routledge, August Meier and Elliott M. These percentages will be discussed in a later chapter. Jordan, White over Black ,
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